Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body is unable to properly process blood sugar levels due to an inability to either produce or use insulin properly. There are more than 30 million Americans living with diabetes, and 7.2 million of those individuals are undiagnosed.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin, and as a result, individuals living with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections in order to survive.
Type 2 diabetes. This is the most common type of diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to produce or use insulin properly. Those living with prediabetes are at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Approximately 84.1 million adults ages 18 years or older have prediabetes, and 90% of those individuals do not know they have it.
Gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes can occur in women during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
While there is no cure for diabetes, it can be managed with the proper medication, by monitoring blood sugar levels, managing stress, and/or with lifestyle changes to diet and exercise. And for people living with prediabetes, type 2 diabetes can be prevented with weight loss, physical activity, and/or healthy eating.
To learn more about diabetes, check out the following resources:
American Diabetes Association
Diabetes – Centers for Disease Control
About Diabetes. (2017, June 1). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/diabetes.html
Diabetes [PDF]. (N.d.) Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/media/presskits/aahd/diabetes.pdf
Diabetes Statistics. (2017, September). Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-statistics/diabetes-statistics
Facts about Type 2. (2015, October 27). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/facts-about-type-2.html
Living with Type 1 Diabetes. (2016, November 21). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/recently-diagnosed/living-with-type-1-diabetes.html
Managing Diabetes. (2016, November). Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/managing-diabetes
Prediabetes. (2017, July 25). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/prediabetes.html
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes. (2016, November). Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-type-2-diabetes
What is Diabetes? (2016, November). Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes