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Drunk driving: completely preventable crime (2)!

The high rate of death related to drunk and drugged driving can be dramatically reduced by the installation of ignition interlock device (IID) for all convicted drunk drivers, including first-time offenders with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 or greater. States with this restrictive law have witnessed a significant decline in drunk driving deaths compared to states with laws requiring only repeat offenders or first-time offenders with a  BAC of .15 or greater to install IID. With the implementation of this more restrictive law, drunk driving fatalities of Arizona and Oregon decreased 43.2% and 42.7% respectively. To the contrary, states with law requiring the installation of IID among only repeat offenders or first-time offenders with a BAC of .15 or higher had slow declines. The fatality reductions concerning DUI in Florida and Nevada were 21.7% and 26.8%.

A report published by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety also confirmed the effectiveness of IID for all convicted drunk drivers, including first-time offenders with a BAC of 0.08 or higher. It also found that focusing on convicted drunk drivers with .15 BAC or greater is a bad policy because the target population of this bad policy is too narrow to make sense. Moreover, the research from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicated that first-time offenders have driven drunk for at least 80 times before being arrested. Therefore, asking all convicted drunk drivers including first-time offenders with a BAC of .08 or greater to install IID is an effective way to reduce the fatality rate related to drunk driving.

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